Role of Judiciary in India

The Judiciary in India performs various important role and functions which do not remain confined within the traditional jurisdiction of Civil and Criminal. In case of violation of law, a suit is filed against the offender. The judges, by way of interpreting the existing laws, make new laws. The Supreme Court, decides constitutional questions. Superintendence over lower courts is another function of the judiciary. The Supreme Court of India enjoys limited power of judicial review in invalidating laws made by Parliament or State Legislatures. The judge hears both sides and decides whether there has been a break of the law. The Supreme Court
sometimes gives advices to the executive and the legislature on constitutional points, if sought for. The Judiciary acts as a protector of rights of the citizens guaranteed by the law of the land and the constitution. The judges perform certain executive functions. Appointments of officers and servants, maintenance of records,administration of staff etc. are performed by the judiciary. The court can declare any law which transgresses a fundamental right as invalid. In India the judiciary has the power to
issue writs in the name of habeas corpus, prohibition, mandamus, quo warranto and certiorari. The Judiciary is regarded as the guardian of the constitution.

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